Anthropology

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  • Why You Don't Look Like a Caveman

    anthropology - Yahoo News Search Results
    15 Aug 2014 | 4:34 am
    As humans began to form cooperative communities, craft tools and work together, their aggression levels began to decrease, resulting in less of a need for the robust facial features of a caveman. Such changes can be traced to testosterone levels acting on the human skeleton, they added. The study is the first to suggest that an increase in social tolerance and a decrease in testosterone led to ...
  • Embalming study 'rewrites' key chapter in Egyptian history

    Anthropology News -- ScienceDaily
    13 Aug 2014 | 2:41 pm
    Researchers have discovered new evidence to suggest that the origins of mummification started in ancient Egypt 1,500 years earlier than previously thought.
  • Ebola Outbreak Changes How We Care for the Sick

    anthropology - Yahoo News Search Results
    19 Aug 2014 | 8:28 am
    Stacey Langwick , professor of medical anthropology at Cornell University and author of “Bodies, Politics, and African Healing,” comments on the recent effort to stem the spread of Ebola in Africa.
  • Around the Web Digest: Week of August 10

    Savage Minds
    Dick Powis
    17 Aug 2014 | 3:18 pm
    Between the crisis in Gaza, the militarization of Ferguson, and the death of Robin Williams, this has been a rough week in the news. At least Rick Perry is being indicted. Also, as of today, I’ve been writing these digests for six months, and it’s been a blast. Thanks for your help and support. If you have a blog article or something that you think should be in next week’s digest, send it me at richard.powis@gmail.com or on Twitter at @dtpowis. Check out what you may have missed last week. Stories by anthropologists: Katie Hinde wrote about nursing-on-demand and daytime versus nighttime…
  • Sweet Briar College Returns 400-year-old Artifacts to Quapaw Tribe

    Museum Anthropology
    29 Jul 2014 | 8:20 am
    Jennifer McManamay, Sweet Briar CollegeJuly 25, 2014 A month ago, Karol Lawson surveyed the trunk of her Volkswagon Jetta and judged its contents — carefully packed in clean white boxes wedged among quilted blankets — ready for a journey of more than 1,000 miles. Though she didn’t know it then, in two days’ time a man from the Quapaw Tribe of Indians would sweep a frying pan filled with
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    anthropology - Yahoo News Search Results

  • Ebola Outbreak Changes How We Care for the Sick

    19 Aug 2014 | 8:28 am
    Stacey Langwick , professor of medical anthropology at Cornell University and author of “Bodies, Politics, and African Healing,” comments on the recent effort to stem the spread of Ebola in Africa.
  • Students look for ways around high book prices

    18 Aug 2014 | 3:24 pm
    As college textbook prices continue to rise, students are trying alternative, cost-saving methods to purchase course material.
  • Why You Don't Look Like a Caveman

    15 Aug 2014 | 4:34 am
    As humans began to form cooperative communities, craft tools and work together, their aggression levels began to decrease, resulting in less of a need for the robust facial features of a caveman. Such changes can be traced to testosterone levels acting on the human skeleton, they added. The study is the first to suggest that an increase in social tolerance and a decrease in testosterone led to ...
  • Ben Allen: Researching Dogs to Learn About Humans

    13 Aug 2014 | 9:14 am
    Durham, NC - An evolutionary anthropology student is discovering that playing games with service dogs may shed light on how humans evolved.
  • Teaching Swim Lessons Keeps Young Woman's Budget Afloat

    12 Aug 2014 | 4:01 am
    Alexis Powers, who lives in Atlanta, recently graduated from Georgia State University with a degree in anthropology. She doesn't have a 9-to-5 job and is hustling to help support herself.
 
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    Savage Minds

  • Making archaeology popular.

    Uzma Z. Rizvi
    18 Aug 2014 | 10:23 pm
    First run in 1951, “What in the World?” was the Penn Museum‘s Peabody Award-winning popular weekly half hour television program on CBS in which a panel of experts would guess information related to four or five unidentified objects. This program was aired for 14 years and was wildly popular. The show began with an appropriately smoke/fog filled screen, mysterious music, and a haunting voice questioning, “What in the world..?” Indeed, that is what I thought as well, when I first stumbled upon this show earlier this year. The screen clears as we see silhouettes of…
  • Around the Web Digest: Week of August 10

    Dick Powis
    17 Aug 2014 | 3:18 pm
    Between the crisis in Gaza, the militarization of Ferguson, and the death of Robin Williams, this has been a rough week in the news. At least Rick Perry is being indicted. Also, as of today, I’ve been writing these digests for six months, and it’s been a blast. Thanks for your help and support. If you have a blog article or something that you think should be in next week’s digest, send it me at richard.powis@gmail.com or on Twitter at @dtpowis. Check out what you may have missed last week. Stories by anthropologists: Katie Hinde wrote about nursing-on-demand and daytime versus nighttime…
  • Anthropology at the margins: A report of EASA 2014

    Rex
    15 Aug 2014 | 9:50 am
    (This guest blog comes to us from Theodoros Kyriakides. Theo is a PhD student at the University of Manchester social anthropology department, currently writing his thesis on the political and subjective dimensions of thalassaemia in Cyprus. You can follow him on twitter at @bio_karneia. -Rx) I am reporting on the wrapped up EASA 2014 conference, entitled “Collaboration, Intimacy and Revolution,” which took place at Tallinn University from July 31st to August 3rd. EASA is the main body of European Social Anthropologists, and the conference takes place once every two years. This was the…
  • “O most magnanimous hat”

    Matt Thompson
    15 Aug 2014 | 9:13 am
    I’ve started an internship in the Special Collections department of Swem Library at the College of William and Mary, creating metadata for archival manuscripts. I ran across this one the other day and had to transcribe an excerpt to share, there are some ellipsis where the ink is illegible. It is a letter from a Yale College student to a family member, 1821. Lewelyn is I believe as much pleased with college and I am as yet very much pleased with it. The tutor of my division is rather unpopular yet I have always found him polite and obliging. He has excused me every time I have made an…
  • Paperpile (Tools We Use)

    Kerim
    14 Aug 2014 | 12:49 am
    About a year ago I wrote a long post that discussed both my general approach to working with academic PDFs as well as the specific Apple (OS X/iOS) software I use to manage my own workflow: Sente. I still consider Sente to be a kind of gold standard for reference management software, but there are a couple of things about it that lead me to regularly check out the competition. One is that it only works on Apple products and many of my students are Windows users. The other is that, even on the Mac, it does not work within the web browser itself, but forces you to launch the app and use its own…
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    Anthropology News -- ScienceDaily

  • 500-million-year reset for immune system

    18 Aug 2014 | 10:51 am
    A single factor can reset the immune system of mice to a state likely similar to what it was 500 million years ago, when the first vertebrates emerged. The model, researchers report, could provide an explanation of how the immune system had developed in the course of evolution.
  • Embalming study 'rewrites' key chapter in Egyptian history

    13 Aug 2014 | 2:41 pm
    Researchers have discovered new evidence to suggest that the origins of mummification started in ancient Egypt 1,500 years earlier than previously thought.
  • Our ancestor's 'leaky' membrane answers big questions in biology

    12 Aug 2014 | 9:17 am
    All life on Earth came from one common ancestor -- a single-celled organism -- but what it looked like, how it lived and how it evolved into today’s modern cells is a four billion year old mystery being solved by researchers at using mathematical modelling. Findings suggest for the first time that life's Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA) had a 'leaky' membrane, which helps scientists answer two of biology's biggest questions.
  • Climate change and drought in ancient times

    11 Aug 2014 | 12:15 pm
    The influence of climate on agriculture is believed to be a key factor in the rise and fall of societies in the Ancient Near East. An investigation into archaeological finds of grain has taken place in order to find out what influence climate had on agriculture in early farming societies. The research team analyzed grains of barley up to 12,000 years old from 33 locations across the Fertile Crescent to ascertain if they had had enough water while growing and ripening.
  • Western Wall wearing away? Discovery of extreme erosion process could guide new preservation techniques

    11 Aug 2014 | 9:46 am
    Researchers have investigated erosion in the different kinds of limestone in the Western Wall at the foot of Jerusalem's Temple Mount. Stones made up of large crystals were almost unchanged in 2000 years, while limestone with small crystals eroded much faster and in some places had receded by tens of centimeters, potentially weakening the wall's structure. The researchers describe an accelerated erosion process that  explains why some rocks are more weathered than others, and showed that chemo-mechanical erosion extends down to the tiny micron scale.
 
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    Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog

  • Indo-Europeans preceded Finno-Ugrians in Finland and Estonia

    Dienekes
    16 Aug 2014 | 11:00 pm
    According to an abstract of a Ph.D thesis (below). This would appear to work well with the dating of the signature Y-chromosome haplogroup of Finno-Ugrians. Bidrag till Fennoskandiens språkliga förhistoria i tid och rum (Heikkilä, Mikko)My academic dissertation "Bidrag till Fennoskandiens språkliga förhistoria i tid och rum" ("Spatiotemporal Contributions to the Linguistic Prehistory of Fennoscandia") is an interdisciplinary study of the linguistic prehistory of Northern Europe chiefly in the Iron Age (ca. 700 BC―AD 1200), but also to some extent in the Bronze Age (ca. 1700―700…
  • ISBA 2014 titles

    Dienekes
    14 Aug 2014 | 5:00 pm
    Some interesting talks and posters from the upcoming International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology. I don't see any abstracts on the site (yet?) but the titles are intriguing. Some that caught my eye:Investigating the maternal lineage diversity from an early medieval site in Southern ItalyAncient mitochondrial and Y chromosomal DNA reveals the western Carpathian Basin as a corridor of the Neolithic expansionAncient mitochondrial DNA from the Northern fringe of the Neolithic farming expansion in Europe sheds light on the dispersion processThe effect of demography and natural selection on…
  • mtDNA from Chalcolithic Iberia (El Mirador cave)

    Dienekes
    14 Aug 2014 | 4:37 pm
    A very exciting new study from Chalcolithic Iberia. The authors compare their mtDNA data with those from the Brandt et al. (2013) paper which includes German samples from the same time.The following plot seems quite useful. From its caption:This study: El Mirador (MIR). Published prehistoric cultures [21]: Hunter-gatherer central (HGC), Linear Pottery culture (LBK), Rössen culture (RSC), Schöningen group (SCG), Baalberge culture (BAC), Salzmünde culture (SMC), Bernburg culture (BEC), Corded Ware culture (CWC), Bell Beaker culture (BBC), Unetice culture (UC), Funnel Beaker culture (FBC),…
  • 168 South Asian Genomes

    Dienekes
    12 Aug 2014 | 1:03 pm
    PLoS ONE 9(8): e102645. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102645 The South Asian Genome John C. Chambers et al. The genetic sequence variation of people from the Indian subcontinent who comprise one-quarter of the world's population, is not well described. We carried out whole genome sequencing of 168 South Asians, along with whole-exome sequencing of 147 South Asians to provide deeper characterisation of coding regions. We identify 12,962,155 autosomal sequence variants, including 2,946,861 new SNPs and 312,738 novel indels. This catalogue of SNPs and indels amongst South Asians provides the first…
  • New estimates of human mtDNA node dates and substitution rates (Rieux et al. 2014)

    Dienekes
    9 Aug 2014 | 8:14 am
    This is a quite useful paper as it compares different methods of obtaining mutation rate estimates, either using "archaeological calibration" based on known migration events or ancient mtDNA genomes (with known archaeological dates). The authors write: Our estimate of 143 Kya [112-180 95% HPD] for the TMRCA of all modern human mtDNA is slightly younger but highly consistent with the 157 Kya [120-197 95% HPD] value obtained by Fu et al. (2013b). We stimate the coalescence of the L3 haplogroup (the lineage from which all non-African mtDNA haplogroups descend), often used to date the…
 
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    ZERO ANTHROPOLOGY

  • Weaponizing Anthropology: An Overview

    Maximilian Forte
    19 Aug 2014 | 10:41 am
    Weaponizing Anthropology: Social Science in Service of the Militarized State. By David H. Price. Published by CounterPunch and AK Press, Petrolia and Oakland, CA, 2011. ISBN-13: 9781849350631. 219 pages. For students already in anthropology and those interested in perhaps becoming anthropology students, for those researching the history and political economy of the social sciences, and for members of the wider public who want to understand the deep and broad transformations wrought by the latest round of US imperial expansion since 2001, David H. Price’s Weaponizing Anthropology is…
  • Against Any Further US Intervention in Iraq

    Maximilian Forte
    15 Aug 2014 | 4:13 pm
    Earlier this week we posted Donnchadh Mac an Ghoill’s interview with Sadiq Al Timimi on the current conflict in Iraq, in historical, local, and international contexts. Given the mounting ex post facto justifications for another round of heightened US military intervention in Iraq, already well underway and with no defined limit in either the scope of possible actions to be undertaken, or a temporal limit for such interventionism, we opted to counter some of the dogma and myth-making that has been so effortlessly produced by those with ample practice—and interest—in justifying the…
  • Bury Me Rolf Harris in Wolf Creek, Zeke

    Maximilian Forte
    12 Aug 2014 | 7:00 am
    Exceeding charm may come with a harmful flipside. For decades, Rolf Harris was an icon of Australian popular culture. Yet in recent months, the icon has been erased: a result of his trial and conviction on charges of sexual assault against numerous minors, the details of which can be incredibly chilling. He has been sentenced to less than six years in prison, though given his advanced age it might approximate a death sentence. There were women from Australia, New Zealand, and Britain (among the dozen or so stories I read about his accusers), who have gone public with accusations of being…
  • An Interview with Iraqi Lawyer, Sadiq Al Timimi, on the Current Crisis in Iraq

    Donnchadh Mac an Ghoill
    10 Aug 2014 | 2:18 pm
    Sadiq al-Timimi, from a painting. Sadiq Al Timimi is a well-known lawyer from Baghdad, Iraq, specializing in constitutional law. He has written the internal codes for several human rights and non-governmental organisations in Iraq, and is a regular contributor to the Iraqi press, writing on issues such as constitutional law and civil society. I spoke to him on August 6th and 7th 2014. Donnchadh Mac an Ghoill:  Sadiq, in the first place I’d like to thank you for taking the time to do this interview for Zero Anthropology. Sadiq Al Timimi: You’re very welcome. D: You began to practice as a…
  • Anthropology: The Empire on which the Sun Never Sets (Part 3)

    Maximilian Forte
    16 May 2014 | 5:23 pm
    This is an Accepted Manuscript (AM) of an article published in Anthropological Forum: A Journal of Social Anthropology and Comparative Sociology, Volume 24, Issue 2, 2014, pages 197-218. It was published on April 14, 2014, and is available online with the PDF available here (it is free from now until two months from now). DOI : 10.1080/00664677.2014.899201 If citing this article, please cite the version published in the journal if possible, as it contains the final copy edits, corrections, and pagination. This version is available as a complete paper PDF by clicking here.  …
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    Material World

  • EASA review

    Patrick LAVIOLETTE
    17 Aug 2014 | 2:00 pm
    Theodoros Kyriakides (a doctoral candidate in the anthropology of illness at the University of Manchester) provides a blog review for Savage Minds of the recent 13th Biennial EASA conference, held at Tallinn University in Estonia from 31 July to 3 August. Over at the Allegra site, a visual archive of the conference has also been collated.  … Continue Reading
  • Best of Material World: Digital Media

    Heather Horst
    7 Aug 2014 | 6:00 am
    Since the Material World Blog began, the digital media landscape changed dramatically. In social media terms, we have moved from Friendster, MySpace and Orkut to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and WhatsApp, with a range of other digital, mobile and social media becoming embedded within many people’s everyday lives around the world. These transformations resulted in an increasing number of posts that explored the changing relationships with digital media and made visible the materiality of the digital worlds. In my review of the best of digital media on Material World Blog, five key…
  • Best of Material World Blog: Landscape and Place

    Patrick LAVIOLETTE
    23 Jul 2014 | 11:34 am
    Patrick Laviolette (EHI, Tallinn University, hosts of EASA2014) In terms of providing reflections on the material dimensions of place and landscape, here are some links to what I feel have been amongst the more provocative postings on the blog over the years. Many of the authors to the links below implicitly, or sometimes even explicitly ask: how do we depict our spatial experiences through the digital medium of blogging? In Feb 2007, Graeme Were put up a piece simply entitled ‘Footpaths‘ byKate Cameron-Daum. It is an eye-catching post which stirred my own curiosity on methods of…
  • Made in Palestine

    Haidy Geismar
    17 Jul 2014 | 4:16 am
    Christopher Pinney, UCL [Please note: this  post was written before the intensification of the current Israeli offensive on Gaza] I decided to transgress the BDS (Boycott, Disinvestment and Sanctions) injunction and attend a conference on ‘The Photographic Imagination’ in Tel Aviv in June 2014 for several reasons.  The two central ones concerned, firstly, the Apartheid analogy. Having taught a short course at the University of Cape Town in 2000 it was quite apparent that there were many courageous dissident academic intellectuals that had been a key element of the resistance during the…
  • Best of Material World Blog: Museums, Exhibitions, Archives, Memorials

    Aaron Glass
    14 Jul 2014 | 6:05 pm
    – Compiled by Aaron Glass (Bard Graduate Center)  Since its inception, Material World has treated museums and archives not only as repositories of material culture, but as material culture–that is, material products as well as producers of culture and social memory. As institutions, they are sites of collection and exhibition, acts that have their own material and materializing dimensions. Here are some of our favorite posts about museums, exhibitions, archives, and memorials: Graeme Were reviews the Musée du Quai Branly a year after it opened. Anna Weinrich examines two…
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    Museum Anthropology

  • Museum Anthropology Leaders: Sheila Goff, History Colorado, Denver, Part 1

    19 Aug 2014 | 2:25 pm
    Exclusive Museum Anthropology Blog Interview with Sheila Goff, History Colorado, Denver This interview is the second installment in a new series, Museum Anthropology Leaders, where blog intern Lillia McEnaney will be interviewing various anthropological museum professionals. The first installment in the series was with Alaka Wali at the Field Museum.  Sheila Goff is the NAGPRA Liaison/
  • Council for Museum Anthropology Facebook Page

    14 Aug 2014 | 4:06 pm
    Don't forget to "Like" the CMA Facebook page! 
  • Position Announcement: Archaeological Collections Manager, Wesleyan Univeristy

    7 Aug 2014 | 12:31 pm
    General Duties:  -Under the general direction of the Provost and the supervision of the Dean of Social Sciences, the Archaeological Collections Manager is responsible for collections management and for working with faculty and students to facilitate their use of the collections. The incumbent serves as the University’s Repatriation Coordinator, maintaining Wesleyan’s compliance with the Native
  • Orozco Murals, Native American Art Digitalized at Dartmouth College

    2 Aug 2014 | 11:25 am
    Jessica Avitabile, The DartmouthJuly 28, 2014The completion of the Dartmouth Digital Orozco website and the digitalization of the Hood Museum’s collection of Native American art are [Dartmouth] College’s latest steps to digitize artwork. The website, which went online in late June, makes the Orozco murals in Baker Library available to the public, along with relevant information and other pictures
  • Sweet Briar College Returns 400-year-old Artifacts to Quapaw Tribe

    29 Jul 2014 | 8:20 am
    Jennifer McManamay, Sweet Briar CollegeJuly 25, 2014 A month ago, Karol Lawson surveyed the trunk of her Volkswagon Jetta and judged its contents — carefully packed in clean white boxes wedged among quilted blankets — ready for a journey of more than 1,000 miles. Though she didn’t know it then, in two days’ time a man from the Quapaw Tribe of Indians would sweep a frying pan filled with
 
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    Kimberly Christian's Garcinia Cambogia

  • Burn More Fat Easy Methods To Burn More Fat

    admin
    13 Aug 2014 | 10:04 am
    Cardio alone will NOT create a challenging and lean muscular core. However, cardio has it’s place, alongside resistance training, in helping burn weight and preserve muscle. Natural environment cardio to optimize the burning of weight (and preserve the muscle), it needs to be perfomed in certain manner. If have got only one half hour efficient out, an individual slendera pure garcinia cambogia and natural cleanse combo diet want to optimize your fat burn, raise the intensity. Burn up calories more calories overall, and thus, more fat calories overall. Supply mean in which you have to…
  • Fat Burning Exercise Advice Foolproof Exercises Guaranteed To Burn Fat Fast

    admin
    13 Aug 2014 | 2:26 am
    Bouncing could be the simplest of the rebounding exercises. it correctly, stand within middle belonging to the rebounder, with your feet shoulder-width apart and start bouncing. Begin this exercise very gently and surely able to balance yourself properly, start bouncing more rigid. The more you bend your knees, much more you can bounce harder. However, take care not to lift an individual a far too much, definitely disbalance . To make this exercise very much effective, make it strenuous by starting to jog at one put. Research has shown that bouncing and jogging on a rebounder share the same…
  • Acid Reflux Alternative Treatments- The Only Remedies For Gerd

    admin
    7 Aug 2014 | 5:51 am
    Natural Cure Gout Remedies are on the list of fastest growing therapy for the most painful type of arthritis, gout. But do you know that millions of consumers are becoming addicted to painkillers for their gout pain? Although the minds and principles of reduced glycemic index diet selection and are healthy, there is little change evidence to suggest that simply eating foods with a lower GI could make you lose excessive fat. There are other things to factor in, in addition to quantity of food eaten (and in order that the number of calories), and activity qualifications. If you eat 3000…
  • How Shed More Calories Fast — 6 Tips To Burn More Calories Fast

    admin
    20 May 2014 | 10:40 pm
    Losing weight has turn into problem by most people nowadays. Generally, statistics reveal that 65% of adult males and 55% of adult females are overweight/obese. That rather a number right? And i’m pretty without doubt of all the people here article, incredible belong in this overweight nfl. When it comes down to losing pounds fast, diet is focused 75% on the solution. Undoubtedly one of the best diets for losing weight quickly is a “paleo-style” diet based around lean proteins, fish, vegetables, raw fruit, nuts, and seeds with little or no grains or “white” carbs…
  • Awesome Weightloss Secrets Reduction Supplement Central Rapid Weight Loss Program

    admin
    10 May 2014 | 5:10 pm
    For too long we are usually hoodwinked by misconceptions and diet supplements. We’ve been blinded by false commercials and advertisements. We have been told how the answer to weight loss comes through a mere product or pill. Quite frankly, we all know they’re all false. Functions to fat loss is a well known fact. We all are able to achieve health inside, but we’ve been lied to for as long that our former ideals have been distorted. Thus, I give all my own engagement ring approach when using this subject. I’m hoping the readers will source the points presented useful in…
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    Somatosphere

  • Descombes’ The Institutions of Meaning by Leo Coleman

    Leo Coleman
    18 Aug 2014 | 12:26 am
    The Institutions of Meaning: A Defense of Anthropological Holism by Vincent Descombes translated by Stephen Adam Schwartz. Harvard University Press, 2014. 392 pp.   How is what is “in” our minds, as thought, also something that we share, communicate, and can understand? This question, however posed, must be fundamental for any anthropological approach to mental life. In the course of our research we have to ask ourselves, at least implicitly, what we are doing—mentally—when we interact with others, and how on this basis we can claim to share, and know, another’s experience. In…
  • Pesticides and global health: ‘ambivalent objects’ in anthropological perspective by Tom Widger

    Tom Widger
    15 Aug 2014 | 12:00 am
    Pesticides: can’t live with them, can’t live without them In Sri Lanka, producers of the illicit liquor kasippu sometimes suspend a bottle of pesticide above the vat during the fermentation process. It is believed the kasippu will absorb the potency of the pesticide and add to its strength, increasing drinkers’ intoxication and pleasure. But there is also a danger the pesticide will fall in, and if so the batch will be poisoned and mass injuries and even deaths ensue.[1] Why do kasippu drinkers take this risk? Kasippu, a cheap spirit favoured by those on low incomes, is mostly drunk by…
  • How the Face Became an Organ by Samuel Taylor-Alexander

    Samuel Taylor-Alexander
    11 Aug 2014 | 12:00 am
    On July 3 of this year, the face became an “organ”. Changes to US Federal health policy came into effect, moving face transplantation into the jurisdiction of medical procedures governed and administrated by the agencies that oversee the US national transplant system – the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network (OPTN) and the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). This policy introduced into the world a new type of thing: the “VCA organ”. The term refers to vascularized composite allografts, complete sections of tissue that are procured for transplantation. The most common VCA…
  • Remaking Local Biologies in an Epigenetic Time by Maurizio Meloni

    Maurizio Meloni
    8 Aug 2014 | 9:47 am
    Premise and Summary This is a very provisional text,[1] part of a broader book-length research (forthcoming from Palgrave in 2015) on ‘political epistemology’, a construct I use to investigate the coproduction of epistemological facts and socio-political values in the history of the life-sciences (e.g.: how certain views of heredity, development, nature/nurture potentially favor certain political values and conversely, how socio-political contexts/pressures have shaped the epistemic construction of key notions in biology such as the gene, the brain, human nature, and so on). In the spirit…
  • Not moribund at all! An historian of medicine’s response to Richard Horton by Carsten Timmermann

    Carsten Timmermann
    4 Aug 2014 | 12:15 am
    Writing in The Lancet, Richard Horton called historians of medicine “invisible, inaudible, and … inconsequential”. Historian of medicine Carsten Timmermann responds. This piece is being simultaneously cross-posted at The H Word, a history of science blog hosted by The Guardian. In a comment published in the medical journal The Lancet, ‘The moribund body of medical history’ the journal’s Editor in Chief, Richard Horton, deplores what he sees as a terminal decline in the study of the history of medicine. I and many other colleagues who engage with the history of medicine every day,…
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    Visual Anthropology of Japan - 日本映像人類学

  • Local Matsuri, 2014 Edition

    16 Aug 2014 | 11:54 pm
    Despite periods of heavy rain and the usual hot/humid weather, the local summer festival was able to take place. Here are this year's offerings... See last year's festival: Visual Anthropology of Japan, Local Matsuri I: The Mikoshi, posted July 30, 2013. Visual Anthropology of Japan, Local Matsuri II: Evening Activities, posted July 31, 2013. Visual Anthropology of Japan, Local Matsuri III: Tamago Senbei, posted August 1, 2013. Visual Anthropology of Japan, Local Matsuri IV: People, posted August 2, 2013. Visual Anthropology of Japan, Local Matsuri V: くわしく, posted August 3, 2013.
  • Semi-sounds = Japanese Summer

    12 Aug 2014 | 12:31 am
    If you play the above video before reading this text you might wonder what the point is: not much action other than a few bugs (yes, they are bugs, not birds) flying about, an occasional bicyclist passes by... But here the image/visual is not so important - it is the sound. Watch/listen to the video again with the volume turned up to the highest setting and you will begin to get an idea of the summer sounds of cicada (semi, セミ in Japanese). Yes, those large, fluttering creatures in the video are cicadas. The semi-sound is constant and loud of the Japanese summer. Here is a brief…
  • "SDF pilot arrested for taking photos up girl's skirt at train station"

    8 Aug 2014 | 3:53 am
    From Japan Today, August 8, 2014: A 42-year-old Air Self-Defense Force pilot has been arrested after he took photos up a girl’s skirt at a train station in Nagareyama, Chiba Prefecture. According to police, the suspect, identified as Shigetaka Katagiri, took photos up a 27-year-old woman’s skirt with his smartphone, while riding an escalator at Nagareyama Otakanomori station at around 10:30 p.m. on Tuesday, TBS reported. Police said that while taking the pictures, Katagiri’s phone came into contact with the woman’s buttocks, causing her to notice and cry out. Katagiri attempted to…
  • "Who owns this monkey’s selfie?"

    7 Aug 2014 | 7:00 am
    Image and text borrowed from MSN News, August 7, 2014.When a monkey commandeered a nature photographer’s camera on a small Indonesian island a few years ago, the results were extraordinary. Among the images captured by the crested black macaque were a few amazing images of himself. Those monkey selfies made headlines back in 2011, and two of the photographs made their way to the Wikipedia page for the monkey’s species, which is endangered. Wikipedia only uses images that are in the public domain, but the feeling was that, since the monkey snapped the photo, no one could claim the…
  • Restroom Etiquette: No Noodles in the Sink!

    22 Jul 2014 | 11:36 pm
    I found this notice posted in the restroom at a certain university in Osaka. Apparently someone doesn't know the rule about noodles in the bathroom...
 
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    International Cognition and Culture Institute

  • Has a decimal point error misled millions into believing that spinach is a good source of iron?

    6 Aug 2014 | 10:05 am
    A great cultural epidemiology story by Ole Bjørn RekdalAcademic urban legends,"  in  Social Studies of Science (2014, 44(4)) freely available here Abstract: Many of the messages presented in respectable scientific publications are, in fact, based on various forms of rumors. Some of these rumors appear so frequently, and in such complex, colorful, and entertaining ways that we can think of them as academic urban legends. The explanation for this phenomenon is usually that authors have lazily, sloppily, or fraudulently employed sources, and peer reviewers and editors…
  • Random choice among the Kantu, swidden agriculturalists of Kalimantan

    19 Jul 2014 | 8:32 am
    An excellent post by Michael Schulson at Aeon magazine entitled "How to choose? When your reasons are worse than useless, sometimes the most rational choice is a random stab in the dark," showing, among other things, how rationality and expectations of rationality can clash."In the 1970s, a young American anthropologist named Michael Dove set out for Indonesia, intending to solve an ethnographic mystery. Then a graduate student at Stanford, Dove had been reading about the Kantu’, a group of subsistence farmers who live in the tropical forests of Borneo. The Kantu’…
  • Alberto Acerbi on cultural evolution

    18 Jun 2014 | 1:49 am
    Alberto Acerbi's excellent blog hosts a noteworthy discussion of Claidière, Scott-Phillips and Sperber's recent PTRS paper on cultural attraction. Alex Mesoudi, Thom Scott-Phillips and Dan Speber joined the discussion; Alberto concluded it.
  • Babies' and birds' causal understanding

    15 Jun 2014 | 3:37 am
    A very interesting comparison between crows and humans in a new (free access) paper in Proceedings of the Royal Society B entitled "Of babies and birds: complex tool behaviours are not sufficient for the evolution of the ability to create a novel causal ntervention" by Alex H. Taylor, Lucy G. Cheke, Anna Waismeyer, Andrew N. Meltzoff, Rachael Miller, Alison Gopnik, Nicola S. Clayton, and Russell D. Gray. Abstract: Humans are capable of simply observing a correlation between cause and effect, and then producing a novel behavioural pattern in order to recreate…
  • Kinship, theology and deep grammar

    13 May 2014 | 3:22 am
    One of the most salient paradoxes in the study of kinship systems is their sheer analytical complexity, from the point of view of an external observer, and simultaneously the ease by which those very same systems are assimilated by the natives themselves. Whereas no special training, costly rituals, harsh indoctrination seems to be needed to master the intricacies of kinship terminologies and marriage rules for those who are born into them, the situation for the anthropologist seems to be the very opposite. What could be the reason for this apparent inconsistency, simplicity for the native…
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    media/anthropology

  • The five modes of self-tracking

    John Postill
    7 Aug 2014 | 10:08 pm
    John Postill:By Deborah Lupton Originally posted on This Sociological Life: Recently I have been working on a conference paper that seeks to outline the five different modes of self-tracking that I have identified as currently in existence. I argue that there is evidence that the personal data that are derived from individuals engaging in reflexive self-monitoring are now beginning to be used by agencies and organisations beyond the personal and privatised realm. Self-tracking rationales and sites are proliferating as part of a ‘function creep’ of the technology and ethos of…
  • We don’t know how to participate

    John Postill
    6 Aug 2014 | 5:05 am
    In this fourth episode of the freedom technologists series we hear from Margarita Padilla, another IT specialist active in Spain’s civil society, most recently in the indignados (or 15M) movement. The story below is once again translated and adapted from an interview by Stéphane Grueso that took place in Madrid in December 2011 (see my earlier post on Daniel Vázquez). The  interview is freely available on YouTube (in Spanish). In future posts I will share some anthropological reflections on this and other personal narratives of the 15M movement. My name is Margarita Padilla. I am a…
  • How Spain’s indignados movement was born

    John Postill
    1 Aug 2014 | 5:31 am
    In this third instalment of the freedom technologists series we hear the extraordinary story of the IT specialist Daniel Vázquez, one of the original occupiers of Puerta del Sol square, in Madrid, where Spain’s indignados (or 15M) movement was born in May 2011. On the first night of the occupation, Daniel set up the soon-to-be influential Twitter account @acampadasol. The story below is based on a long interview he gave to a fellow indignado, the documentary filmmaker Stéphane Grueso (@fanetin), who we met in the previous post. The two-part interview (in Spanish with English…
  • Freedom technologists and their practices

    John Postill
    24 Jul 2014 | 9:54 am
    This is the second in a series of 42 blog posts devoted to exploring the connection between freedom technologists and the new protest movements. See the first post here, the next post here, the whole series as a document or as blog posts. In the first post of this series I defined freedom technologists as citizens who like to mix their techs with their politics, often as part of a popular protest or uprising. Some freedom technologists are techies, others are not, yet they all share a strong interest in the potential uses of new digital technologies for political change and social…
  • The year of the freedom technologist

    John Postill
    9 Jul 2014 | 7:04 pm
    By John Postill. Republished from Savage Minds This is the first in a series of 42 blog posts devoted to exploring the connection between freedom technologists and the new protest movements. See the next post here, the whole series as a document or as blog posts. Two and a half years ago, TIME magazine declared 2011 to be The Year of the Protester. From the Arab Spring or Spain’s indignados to the Occupy movement, this was undoubtedly a year of political upheaval around the world. But 2011 was also an important year for a new global vanguard of tech-minded citizens determined to bring about…
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    American Journal of Physical Anthropology

  • Trends and Traditions in Southeastern Zooarchaeology. Edited by Tanya M. Peres. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2014. 224 pp. ISBN 978-0-8130-4927-4. $79.95 (hardcover).

    R. Lee Lyman
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:50 am
  • Bioarcheology has a “Health” problem: Conceptualizing “Stress” and “Health” in bioarcheological research

    Daniel H. Temple, Alan H. Goodman
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:49 am
    ABSTRACT This article provides a critical historical overview of the stress concept in bioarcheological research and critically evaluates the term “health” in reference to skeletal samples. Stress has a considerable history in 20th century physiological research, and the term has reached a critical capacity of meaning. Stress was operationalized around a series of generalized physiological responses that were associated with a deviation from homeostasis. The term was incorporated into anthropological research during the mid-20th century, and further defined in bioarcheological context…
  • Calculating Hominin and nonhuman anthropoid femoral head diameter from acetabular size

    J. Michael Plavcan, Ashley S. Hammond, Carol V. Ward
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:47 am
    ABSTRACT Femoral head size provides important information on body size in extinct species. Although it is well-known that femoral head size is correlated with acetabular size, the precision with which femoral head size can be estimated from acetabular size has not been quantified. The availability of accurate 3D surface models of fossil acetabular remains opens the possibility of obtaining accurate estimates of femoral head size from even fragmentary fossil remains [Hammond et al.,: Am J Phys Anthropol 150 (2013) 565–578]. Here we evaluate the relationship between spheres fit to surface…
  • Isotopic studies of the diet of the people of the coast of British Columbia

    Henry P. Schwarcz, Brian S. Chisholm, Meghan Burchell
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:45 am
    ABSTRACT In 1982, Chisholm et al. used 13C data for human burials from shell midden sites widely distributed on the coast of British Columbia (BC) to show the extreme dependence of these individuals on high trophic level marine consumers, principally salmon and marine mammals. Here, we present previously unpublished analyses of 15N for some of the same individuals as well as 13C data for additional individuals. Nitrogen isotope data show that the diet was dominated by high trophic level marine fauna including carnivorous fish and marine mammals. Although most burials were found in shell…
  • Reconciling “stress” and “health” in physical anthropology: What can bioarchaeologists learn from the other subdisciplines?

    Laurie J. Reitsema, Britney Kyle McIlvaine
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:44 am
    ABSTRACT The concepts of “stress” and “health” are foundational in physical anthropology as guidelines for interpreting human behavior and biocultural adaptation in the past and present. Though related, stress and health are not coterminous, and while the term “health” encompasses some aspects of “stress,” health refers to a more holistic condition beyond just physiological disruption, and is of considerable significance in contributing to anthropologists' understanding of humanity's lived experiences. Bioarchaeological interpretations of human health generally are made from…
 
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    Warped And Weft

  • A Weekend With The Shaman

    RJ Vigoda
    25 Jul 2014 | 9:25 am
    Classical shamanic practice has generated a renewed and widespread sense of interest within modern spiritual seekers. At issue is how well traditional shamanic concepts and techniques transfer to the denizens of contemporary societies. Can a practice considered by many to be an archaic remnant of earlier cultural thought worlds square with our current scientific and […] posted in Spirituality by RJ Vigoda Leave A Comment©2014 Warped And Weft. All Rights Reserved.
  • A Profound Synchronicity?

    RJ Vigoda
    17 Jun 2014 | 7:40 am
    The Problem Of Higher Meaning Within Personal And Subjective Experience As originally published in the Journal of Exceptional Experience and Psychology Vol. 1 No 2. ABSTRACT The study of transcendent phenomena frequently relies on the use of the personal and subjective experiences of individual informants. A recent personal synchronistic episode serves as the impetus to […] posted in Philosophy by RJ Vigoda Leave A Comment©2014 Warped And Weft. All Rights Reserved.
  • The Morality Of God

    RJ Vigoda
    28 Sep 2012 | 7:45 pm
    In Search Of An Ultimate Ethos With each passing year science and philosophy continue to offer more rational and persuasive explanations suggesting the original force from which all existence springs may contain a distinctive intelligence. Those who’ve never doubted the existence of such a creative, thinking ultimate power have traditionally assigned such an entity a […] posted in Philosophy by RJ Vigoda Leave A Comment©2014 Warped And Weft. All Rights Reserved.
  • Perils Of The Examined Life

    RJ Vigoda
    19 Jun 2012 | 12:16 pm
    The Neoplatonist Dilemma Any inclined to study the nature of being best heed the following advice: don’t go shopping for Ultimate truth unless you’re damn well ready for the consequences.  Such words may seem harsh but experience suggests they’re true.  Contrary to what many may think, gaining a better sense of one’s place in the […] posted in Philosophy by RJ Vigoda Leave A Comment©2014 Warped And Weft. All Rights Reserved.
  • Circular Reasoning

    RJ Vigoda
    10 Apr 2012 | 10:03 am
    Assessing The Mystery of Crop Circles Significant existential insights usually come in small and discreet forms. The novelties within the movement of sub-atomic particles, the existence of DNA or the faint signal of some distant cosmological process are so subtle as to be undetectable through ordinary sensation. Rarely is the perception of our being radically […] posted in Philosophy by RJ Vigoda Leave A Comment©2014 Warped And Weft. All Rights Reserved.
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    BOAS Network

  • Meet anthropologist Dr. Laurie Kauffman

    BOAS
    31 Jul 2014 | 2:09 pm
    Meet anthropologist Dr. Laurie Kauffman of Oklahoma City University! Here she discusses her work with squirrel monkeys in Costa Rica.
  • Meet Anthropologist Dr. Kerry M. Dore

    BOAS
    25 Jul 2014 | 9:39 am
    Meet anthropologist Dr. Kerry M. Dore! Here she discusses her work with vervet monkeys in St. Kitts. Vervet monkeys are not native to the island but have thrived in the lush landscape. As a result, their relationship with humans on the island is strained. Dr. Dore discusses options to help improve the monkey/human relationship. Check out more videos at www.boasnetwork.com
  • A Flower in the Mouth

    Jason Gardner
    24 Jul 2014 | 6:04 pm
    A Flower in the Mouth is a book by award-winning photographer Jason Gardner, showing the culture, music and rituals of the authentic, folkloric Carnaval festival in Pernambuco, Brazil. The 128pp book contains color and black & white images and interviews of the people shaping this dynamic culture, as well as writing from Jason’s experiences.  For more information and to purchase the book, go to http://www.jasongardner.net/shop/afitm The book also features a 9 track audio compilation, a download with music from the region. Image gallery here: http://www.jasongardner.net/afitm
  • Imperiled Amazon Indians Make 1st Contact with Outsiders

    BOAS
    10 Jul 2014 | 1:08 pm
    By Megan Gannon, News Editor | July 03, 2014 12:27pm ET Report Retrieved from Live Science Indigenous people with no prior contact to the outside world have just emerged from the Amazon rainforest in Brazil and made contact with a group of settled Indians, after being spotted migrating to evade illegal loggers, advocates say. The news, which was released July 2, comes after sightings of the uncontacted Indians in Brazil near the border with Peru, according to the group Survival International. Officials with the organization had warned last month that the isolated tribes face threats of…
  • ADHD and Evolution: Were Hyperactive Hunter-Gatherers Better Adapted?

    Joyce Mancini
    19 Jun 2014 | 12:07 pm
    Retrieved from Healthline Written by Brian Krans Medically Reviewed on November 25, 2012 by George Krucik, MD, MBA It can be hard for someone with ADHD to pay attention in boring lectures, stay focused on any one subject for long, or sit still when they just want to get up and go. People with ADHD are often those who stare out the window, daydreaming about what’s outside. It can feel at times like the structure of civilized society is too rigid and sedentary for those with brains that want to go, go, go. It’s an understandable viewpoint, considering that for 8 million years since the…
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